Probate 101: What Happens After Someone Dies

The probate process takes place after the demise of a person. It involves validating and distributing the deceased person’s assets and settling any debts they owe. When a person dies, their assets, such as property, money and personal possessions, are collectively known as their estate.

Probate is necessary to transfer ownership of these assets from the deceased person to the beneficiaries or heirs. The process can be complex, time-consuming, and chaotic. The numerous processes involve the collection of assets, debt payment, and estate distribution. Understanding the basics of probate is essential to ensure that the deceased person’s wishes become a reality.

Initiation of the Process of Probate in Victoria

When someone passes away, it can be difficult and emotional for their loved ones. Unfortunately, the loved ones have to address practical matters such as the probate process. This process begins with the notification of the death of the deceased, which their family or a medical professional typically does.

Once the close family members or friends report the death of their loved one to the appropriate authorities, the executor of the deceased’s Will must file a petition for probate in Victoria court. This legal process involves verifying the deceased’s Will authenticity and identifying any heirs or beneficiaries.

While the probate process can be lengthy and complex, ensuring that the deceased’s wishes are respected, and their assets are with those they wished for.

Asset Inventory and Valuation

When a person passes away, a designated executor’s responsibility is to manage their estate. The executor has several crucial duties, including identifying all the assets and liabilities. Here are the details of this responsibility-

Identifying Assets and Liabilities

The executor must identify all the assets and liabilities of the deceased. This process involves collecting all relevant information regarding the deceased’s assets and liabilities. It includes identifying every single bank account, investment, and real estate property the deceased possessed. The executor must ensure not to miss any asset or liability.

Obtaining an Accurate Appraisal of Assets

To properly manage the estate, the executor must obtain an accurate appraisal of the value of these assets at the time of the deceased’s passing. An accurate assessment is crucial as it provides a clear understanding of the estate’s overall value and helps determine the distribution of assets to beneficiaries.

Here are some key points related to this-

  • The executor must hire a professional appraiser to determine the market value of the assets.
  • The appraiser must provide a written report detailing the value of each asset, and the executor must keep this report for their records.
  • The appraiser should be someone unrelated to the deceased or the executor to avoid a conflict of interest.

Payment of Debts and Taxes

When someone passes away, the executor must identify and value the deceased’s assets while considering any outstanding debts and tax obligations. The executor must use the estate assets to pay off these debts before distributing any remaining funds to the beneficiaries. It ensures that the beneficiaries receive their rightful share without any attached liabilities.

However, if the assets are insufficient to cover the debts and taxes, the beneficiaries may be responsible for settling the remaining balances. Handling these matters requires a knowledgeable and trustworthy executor, which can be complex and sensitive.

Distribution of Assets

After the executor has paid off all outstanding debts and taxes, the next step involves the distribution of the remaining asset. This process can be straightforward or complex, depending on the estate size, the number of beneficiaries, and the instructions the deceased leaves.

Instructions from the Will

If the deceased did sign a Will, the executor must follow the instructions outlined in the document to distribute assets. The will should identify the beneficiaries and specify the assets or percentage they are entitled to receive. The executor should review the Will thoroughly and seek legal advice if any issues or questions arise.

Laws of Intestacy

If the deceased did not have a will, the executor must follow intestacy laws to distribute assets. The intestacy laws determine who is entitled to receive the deceased’s assets based on their relationship with the deceased. For example, the deceased’s spouse, civil partner, and children may receive a portion of the assets.

Fair and Proper Distribution

It’s the executor’s responsibility to ensure that the distribution of assets is fair and done following the deceased’s wishes. The executor must distribute the assets consistent with Will‘s instructions or the intestacy laws. The executor must also consider any specific circumstances or requests of the deceased or beneficiaries.

Potential Disputes

Disputes among the beneficiaries may arise if the executor needs to distribute the assets fairly and properly. It could lead to legal challenges, additional expenses, and delays in the distribution process. Therefore, the executor must carry out their duties carefully and diligently.

Attention to Detail and Integrity

The asset distribution process requires a lot of attention to detail and a high level of integrity on the executor’s part. The executor must keep records of all assets and transactions and communicate regularly with the beneficiaries to ensure transparency and understanding of the process. The executor must also act in the best interests of the beneficiaries and the estate and avoid any conflicts of interest.

Contesting a Will

In certain situations, a beneficiary can challenge the authenticity of a will left by a deceased individual. It may arise if the beneficiary doubts the deceased’s mental capacity when creating the Will or if they suspect it isn’t fraudulent.

However, contesting a will is complex and difficult. It requires the guidance and expertise of a skilled probate attorney familiar with such cases’ legal procedures and intricacies. Therefore, it is advisable for anyone considering contesting a will to seek professional legal counsel to ensure that their rights and interests stay protected in the process.


The probate process can be complex, but ensuring that a deceased person’s assets are according to their wishes is essential. It is important to seek the support of a professional probate attorney to ensure the correct handling of the probate process.

Contact Probate Consultants for all your probate-related needs.

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